Research & Links

Recommended books and articles supporting Nancy's evidence-based approach to the teaching of reading, spelling and writing, along with Nancy's "Ladder of Reading" infographic. 

Infographic: Nancy's "Ladder of Reading"

Ladder Apr_2021.png

Steve Dykstra


Wisconsin, USA

"This is a fabulous graphic. It ranks with the reading rope. I think it is great for several reasons. It is clear. It is correct. And the portion along the far right that notes that even the children at the top of the heap benefit from systematic instruction. Everyone does better. That is a critical message."

Would you like to use Nancy's Ladder of Reading in a presentation, on a website, in course materials or in a publication? Please contact Nancy first. Thanks!

Structured literacy.png
​Download Nancy's helpful primer on
"What is structured literacy?":

​Download the statistics underpinning Nancy Young’s infographic. This chart was originally published in the eXaminer, Volume 7, Issue 3 (July 2018), copyright by the International Dyslexia Association, Inc. ( Used with permission.

Books, Articles & Videos Referencing "The Ladder of Reading"

Nancy's Ladder of Reading is now featured
in the following books:

Jan Hasbrouck, Ph.D.

JH Educational Services

Seattle, WA

Thank you Nancy Young for creating this wonderful infographic! Informative, ACCURATE, easily interpreted and engaging!

Must reads!


Recommended books


Failing Our Brightest Kids.jpg
Conquering Dyslexia.jpg

Finn, Chester & Wright, Brandon (2015). Failing Our Brightest Kids: The Global Challenge of Educating High-Ability Students. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press. ( (


Hasbrouck, Jan (2020). Conquering Dyslexia A Guide to Early Detection and Intervention for Teachers and Parents. New Rochelle, NY: Benchmark Education. (


Berninger, V., Wolf, B. (2009). Teaching Students with Dyslexia and Dysgraphia: Lessons from Teaching and Science. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brooks Publishing. ( (


Borkowsky, Faith (2018) Failing Students or Failing Schools?: A Parent's Guide to Reading Instruction and Intervention.  ( (

Dehaene, S. (2020). How We Learn: Why Brains Learn Better Than Any Machine...For Now. NY, NY: Viking. ( (


Dehaene, S. (2009). Reading in the Brain: The Science and Evolution of a Human Invention. New York, NY: Viking. ( (


Henry, M. (2010). Unlocking Literacy: Effective Decoding and Spelling Instruction (2nd ed). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brooks Publishing. (

Hochman, J. C., & Wexler, N. (2017). The Writing Revolution: A Guide to Advancing Thinking Through Writing in All Subjects and Grades. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. ( (

Kaufman, S. B. (2018). Twice exceptional: supporting and educating bright and creative students with learning difficulties. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. ( (


Kilpatrick, D. (2015). Essentials of Assessing, Preventing and Overcoming Reading Difficulties. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons Inc. ( (

Mather, M. & Wendling, B. (2012). Essentials of Dyslexia Assessment and Intervention. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons Inc. ( (

Moats, L. (2010). Speech to Print: Language Essentials for Teachers (2nd ed). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brooks Publishing. (


Murphy, James & Dianne (2018). Thinking Reading: What Every Secondary Teacher Needs to Know about Reading. Woodbridge, UK: John Catt Educational Ltd. (

Quigley, Alex (2018). Closing the Vocabulary Gap. New York, NY: Routledge. (


Seidenberg, M. (2017). Language at the Speed of Sight: How We Read, Why So Many Can’t, and What Can Be Done About It. New York, NY: Basic Books. (


Shaywitz, S. (2003). Overcoming Dyslexia: A New and Complete Science-based Program for Overcoming Reading Problems at any Level. New York, NY: Random House.  (

Siegel, L. (2016). Not Stupid, Not Lazy: Understanding Dyslexia and Other Learning Disabilities. Baltimore, MD: International Dyslexia Association. (International Dyslexia Association)

Wexler, N. (2019). The knowledge gap: the hidden cause of Americas broken education system--and how to fix it. New York: Avery. ( (

Wolf, M. (2007). Proust and the Squid: The Story and Science of the Reading Brain. New York, NY: Harper Collins. (


Other online reports & papers  (links current at February 2018):

Additional online resources  (links current at February 2018):


Presentations & Handouts

Click the yellow button below to access Nancy's handouts listing presentation references (some also listing additional helpful resources). Depending on the presentation topic, Nancy may provide additional materials. NOTE: Generally, Nancy’s slides are only available to registrants via the hosting organization.

**ALL RIGHTS RESERVED: Would you like to use materials Nancy has created in a presentation, on a website, in course materials or in a publication? Please contact Nancy first.**

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Nancy’s current presentations and workshops are all being provided in a virtual format.

- As an Amazon Associate, Nancy earns from qualifying purchases. -