The Extended Mind: The Power of Thinking Outside the Brain
Enhancing Children’s Cognition With Physical Activity Games
Mind in Motion: How Action Shapes Thought
Movement Matters: How Embodied Cognition Informs Teaching and Learning
Nancy's book on skill-based movement:
Secret Code Actions™: A Resource to Support Learning to Read and Spell the English Language
Young, Nancy (2017)
Secret Code Actions™ is a resource which can be used AS NEEDED during code-based instruction to enhance learning of foundational skills by bringing in skill-based movements. This book is not a step-by-step program. It is a supplementary tool to support differentiated literacy instruction especially for students with reading/spelling challenges. The chapters within Secret Code Actions™:
Link sound-symbol correspondences to specific movements to provide ways for children up and physically active while learning and practicing code-based concepts, especially valuable for children with ADHD who are learning foundational reading skills
Provide information about features within the structure of the English language (orthography, morphology) and fascinating aspects of words (semantics and syntax) and their history (word origins) to increase teacher knowledge
Provide creative and engaging ways to carry out the repetitions some children require (especially children with dyslexia) to master the “secrets” of the code, including activities in the gym and outside playing areas.
The research on effective ways to teach decoding and spelling continues to evolve. Nancy is in the process of revising some parts of Secret Code Actions™ to reflect current understandings. Topics being revised/expanded in an update include:
differentiating code-based instruction (the range of needs)
phonemic awareness (for whom and how - cautions for educators)
research connecting movement and learning for children with ADHD
The research on movement just grows and grows, and the update will include more about this generally.
Because a revised edition is in the works, the first edition has been reduced in price and is only available print-on-demand:
A 2nd edition of Secret Code Actions™ may be available in 2025.
Articles & Papers (A Summary)
Articles & Papers (Individual)
"A Narrative Review of School-based Physical Activity for Enhancing Cognition and Learning: The Importance of Relevancy and Integration" If you only have a few minutes, this MUST READ article explains why weaving skill-based movement into instruction and practice may be valuable for some children.
Strategies for classroom physical activity in schools (CDC) (2018 - Open Access)
The Canadian Pediatric Society Physical Activity Guidelines (2023 - Open Access)